Sports Medicine

We are developing rapid myo-regenerative muscle repair constructs for professional athletes and sports injuries


Muscle Repair

Up to 55% of all muscle injuries occur during sports



Muscle injuries are among the most common complaints in orthopedic practice, occurring both among athletes and among non-athletes. These injuries present a challenge for specialists, due to the slow recovery, during which time athletes are unable to take part in training and competitions, and due to frequent recurrences of the injuries.


Most muscle injuries (between 10% and 55% of all injuries) occur during sports activities. The treatment for muscle injuries varies from conservative treatment to surgery. New therapeutic methods are being studied, among these, the use of hyperbaric chambers, growth factors, gene therapy and antifibrinolytic agents has been cited.


However, there is still a high rate of injury recurrence.



Muscle injuries are very common in sports. They constitute 31% of all injuries in elite football & their high prevalence is well documented in the international literature.


Thigh muscle injuries present the most common diagnosis in track and field athletes but have also been documented in team sports like rugby, basketball and American football.

In soccer 92% of injuries affect the four major muscle groups of the lower limbs: hamstrings 37%, adductors 23%, quadriceps 19% and calf muscles 13%. As much as 96% of all muscle injuries in soccer occur in non-contact situations, whereas contusions are more frequently encountered in contact sports, like rugby, American football and ice hockey.


The fact that 16% of muscle injuries in elite soccer are re-injuries and associated with 30% longer absence from competition than the original injury emphasizes the critical importance of correct evaluation, diagnosis and therapy.

The fact that a male elite-level soccer team with a squad of 25 players can expect about 15 muscle injuries each season with a mean absence time of 223 days, 148 missed training sessions and 37 missed matches demonstrate their high relevance for the athletes as well as for the clubs.


The relevance of muscle injuries is even more obvious if the frequency is compared to anterior cruciate ligament-ruptures, which occur in the same squad statistically only 0.4 times per season.


Each season, 37% of players miss training or competition due to muscle injuries with an average of 90 days and 15 matches missed per club per season from hamstring injuries alone.


Particularly in elite athletes, where decisions regarding return to play and player availability have significant financial or strategic consequences for the player and the team, there is an enormous interest in optimizing the diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitation process after muscle injuries, to minimize the absence from sport and to reduce recurrence rates.


Source: Terminology and classification of muscle injuries in sport: The Munich consensus statement


The immediate and long-term cost of sports related injuries results from:

  • Health care costs for treatment

  • Health system costs for insurance

  • Time and productivity lost to employment, school, and home activities

  • Time lost to future sporting activities

  • The cost of long-term physical, psychological or emotional damage

  • Equipment and program costs for rehabilitation and prevention